On 13 January 2020, US government proposed new guidance on artificial intelligence for the heads of executive departments and agencies. The Office of Science and Technology Policy released a memorandum providing “Guidance for Regulation of Artificial Intelligence Applications”.
The objective of the US government is expressly indicated in the document:
“The deployment of AI holds the promise to improve safety, fairness, welfare, transparency, and other social goals, and America’s maintenance of its status as a global leader in AI development is vital to preserving our economic and national security. The importance of developing and deploying AI requires a regulatory approach that fosters innovation, growth, and engenders trust, while protecting core American values, through both regulatory and non-regulatory actions and reducing unnecessary barriers to the development and deployment of AI “.Guidance for Regulation of Artificial Intelligence applications (US Office of Science and Technology Policy)
Therefore, Trump’s administration urged Federal agencies to “avoid regulatory or non-regulatory actions that needlessly hamper AI innovation and growth”. Consequently, Trump’s administration released 10 principles :
- Public Trust in AI
- Public Participation
- Scientific Integrity and Information Quality
- Risk Assessment and Management
- Benefits and Costs
- Fairness and Non-Discrimination
- Disclosure and Transparency
- Safety and Security
- Interagency Coordination
This guidance notably encourages non-regulatory-sector to provide specific guidance or frameworks, pilot programs or even to experiment or work on the elaboration of voluntary consensus standards. According to this guidance, rulemaking should imply regulatory impact analysis, public consultation, assessing risks and managing risks. Moreover, it provides a template for Agency Plans.
Eventually, U.S. continues to consider non-regularoty guidance as the most appropriate way to apply AI Governance.
Source : The White House – https://www.whitehouse.gov/wp-content/uploads/2020/01/Draft-OMB-Memo-on-Regulation-of-AI-1-7-19.pdf