AI is now at the heart of national security issues. Aware of the revolutionary implications of AI for their security and defence, some countries are actively seeking to develop and improve the use of AI for a very wide range of applications from intelligence to autonomous lethal weapons ("killer robots"). These activities raise the spectre of an AI arms race as well as formidable legal questions.


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On December 10, 2020, the Legal Affairs Committee of the European Parliament (EP) adopted new guidelines on the use of AI for military purposes and its use in the health

On November 27, 2020, Brigadier-General Mohsen Fakhrizadeh, the head of the Iranian military’s nuclear program, was shot and killed in a convoy outside Tehran. Iranian authorities have blamed Israel, which

On November 19, 2020, the United-Nations Interregional Crime and Justice Research Institute (UNICRI) Centre for AI and Robotics released its latest collaborative report on Malicious Uses and Abuses of Artificial Intelligence

On September 22nd, 2020, the United Nations Institute for Disarmament Research (UNIDIR) published a new report on the predictability and understandability in military AI: the Black Box Unlocked. This report

On September 1st, 2020,  The United Nations Institute for Disarmament Research (UNIDIR) published a new report on Modernizing arms control, Exploring Responses to the Use of AI in Military Decision-Making.

On February 28th 2020, the American Department of Defense (DoD) has formally adopted five principles for the ethical development of artificial intelligence capabilities. During the Department of Defense Press Briefing on the Adoption of

On April 2019, the French Armed Forces Minister, Florence Parly, set out France’s main priorities and ambitions in the field of artificial intelligence. The French Minister established a dedicated team